Common Horse Ailments: Streptococcus Equi
Many conditions can negatively affect the health of your horse. One of these conditions is streptococcus equi, which is also known as strangles.
What is Strangles?
Strangles is a type of bacterial infection that affects the lymph nodes in a horse’s throat. With this condition, the infected nodes may actually burst. When this happens, the nodes release puss that then drains into the horse’s nose and beneath the jaw. The resulting swelling can lead to choking, hence the name of “strangles.”
How is Streptococcus Equi Treated and Prevented?
Streptococcus equ is easily transmitted between horses and the bacteria can live outside of the body for many days in the barn and on tack. Therefore, good hygiene is essential to prevent the spread of the bacteria. Horses also should not share the same water source or tack. Vaccinations are also available to help prevent the disease, but the vaccine does have adverse effects that may make it undesirable.
Treatment of the condition involves removing the puss from the lymph glands with a scope and then treating the area with a topical antibiotic. Anti-inflammatory medication may also be prescribed to help reduce fever and make your horse feel healthy enough to eat properly.